Water is an indispensable commodity for all forms of life. It is an intrinsic part of every community, from the minute phytoplankton (naked to the human eye), to the gigantic whales, elephants, eagles and mankind. Water fuels energy, it dispenses education, powers the economy, builds infrastructure, delivers healthcare, feeds agriculture, distributes culture, quenches the insatiable thirst of development, and endures its own exploitation and degradation. Water influences where people can live, as well as their quality of life.
With an estimated 783 million people worldwide with no access to potable water; tapping into natural storage facilities (groundwater) has become the only viable solution. Current global extractions of groundwater are estimated at 600-700 km³/ yr. Aquifers are being pumped up faster than they can be replenished, not only reducing the amount of water available for human consumption, but threatening the intricate surface-groundwater interaction responsible for sustaining surface waters (especially during drought periods). Thus groundwater supplies are under tremendous threat of exploitation, and degradation. Furthermore, such desperate circumstances give rise to opportunities for conflict amongst societies, communities, municipalities, and even between neighbouring states.
Water is a renewable natural resource, finite in its availability at global, regional and national territorial platforms. Water plays a vital role in food, energy, and economic growth and security, as well as in sustaining health and alleviating poverty. Thus a threat to water (its availability and quality) is a threat to life.
Water is life,
Water gives life.
Without water, life as we know it will cease to exist.
Water IS security.